Yuungnaqpiallerput - The Way We Genuinely Live - Masterworks of Yup'ik Science and Survival

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Hearing well and seeing far

Ugtarcuun Bentwood HatBentwood Hat

Description

Bentwood hat collected by Sheldon Jackson, 1893. The white color and pointed shape mimicked floating ice, which hunters sought to resemble as camouflage.

Wassilie Berlin noted, "This carved walrus was what men wanted to be available when they hunted. These look like gull beaks since gulls are also ocean creatures."

Dimensions

L- 11 1/4 in
W- 6 3/4 in
H- 9 1/4 in

Credits

Loaned by The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago 13852



Ugtarcuun Bentwood HatBentwood Hat

Description

Bentwood hat from the Kuskokwim. Frank Andrew said: "They used those for seal hunting. He would tie his hat on top of the kayak sled. If he saw a seal on the ice, he would put on the hat and approach it."

Dimensions

L- 10 1/2 in
W- 11 in
H- 7 in

Credits

G. B. Gordon, 1905, University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology NA354



Ugtarcuun Bentwood HatBentwood Hat

Description

Bentwood hat with wolf face. Paul John said: "This hat is a submarine! You can breathe in front when water crashes over your head."

Dimensions

L- 8 1/2 in
W- 12 in

Credits

1952, UA Museum of the North 0554 5450



Elqiaq Hunting VisorHunting Visor

Description

Hunting visor decorated with pintail feathers and painted black inside to reduce glare. Frank Andrew said: "Wooden visors were also worn in summer. Even elderly women used them to avoid getting irritated eyes."

Dimensions

L- 12 3/4 in
W- 8 1/4 in
H- 17 in

Credits

J. A. Jacobsen, 1882, Ethnologisches Museum Berlin IVA4189




Visor Demonstration

Photo: Ann Fienup-Riordan

Andy Paukan, Wassilie Berlin, and Paul John model hunting visors at the Ethnologisches Museum Berlin in 1997. Hunters today use baseball caps.



Hide Visor and Labrets

National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution, L2351, Dr. Leuman M. Waugh, 1935

Photo Man wearing hide visor and ivory labrets (lip ornaments).



Nigaugek Wooden Snow GogglesWooden Snow Goggles

Description

Paul John said, "When they didn't have glasses made of glass, these were our ancestors' glasses."

Dimensions

W- 6 3/4 in
H- 2 in
D- 3 1/4 in

Credits

E. W. Nelson, 1882, Sabotnisky, Department of Anthropology, Smithsonian Institution 48996




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